Otar Chiladze (1933–2009) is by consensus the most important novelist of the 20th century in Georgia. His first novel ( also the first of his works to be translated into English), A Man Was Going Down the Road, is the key to his later work. It begins with the Greek legend of Jason and the golden fleece and the consequences for the obscure kingdom of Colchis after the Greek Jason comes and abducts Medea. But it is also an allegory of the treachery and destruction that ensued when Russia, and then the Soviets, annexed Georgia, as well as Chiladze’s interpretation of life as a version of the ancient Anatolian story of Gilgamesh, and a study of Georgian life, domestic and political, in which women and children pay the price for the hero’s quests, obsessions and doubts.
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